The Diadochi and the Hellenistic Age

The Succession Crisis On Alexander the Great’s deathbed, he was asked to whom he bequethed his Kingdom. Alexander’s reply was garbled, he may have said ‘Craterus’, his most senior general. However Craterus was not around at the time, Alexander’s other generals interpreted his reply as ‘Krat'eroi’ (“to the strongest”). Alexander’s generals, known as the Diadochi, … Continue reading The Diadochi and the Hellenistic Age


Greek and Phoenician Colonies in Sicily

Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean, it also sits right in the center of the Mediterranean Sea and serves as a connector for both Europe and Africa, and the Western and Eastern Mediterranean trade systems. It was not long before both the Phoenicians and Greeks began to colonize the island. The Phoenicians colonized … Continue reading Greek and Phoenician Colonies in Sicily

Greek and Phoenician Colonies in Iberia

 A number of Ancient writers (Herodotus, Strabo, Pliny etc.) make reference to an ancient civilization at the western extreme of the Mediterranean known as Tartessos, Herodotus tells the legend of a Greek Sailor called Koliaos who blew off course and arrived in Tartessos to find a kingdom rich in silver and other metals. After being … Continue reading Greek and Phoenician Colonies in Iberia

Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great was the son of King Phillip II of Macedon, in Northern Greece. Legend has it that when Alexander was a child, a horse was brought to the Kingdom of Macedon called Bucephalus, it was said that no man could tame it. Alexander, then just 10 years old, bet his father that he … Continue reading Alexander the Great

Overview Map of the Entire Mediterranean Circa 500 BC

By 500 BC, Greek and Phoenician settlers had colonized the entire Mediterranean, from Iberia in the west, to the Black Sea in the East. Colonists came to the new shores for a number of reasons, to exploit new land and resources, to trade with local groups, and to escape political and military oppression at home. … Continue reading Overview Map of the Entire Mediterranean Circa 500 BC

The Greco-Persian Wars (499 – 448 BC)

By 500 BC, the Achaemenid Empire of Persia was at its greatest extent, they controlled a vast empire stretching from Afghanistan in the East, to Egypt and Anatolia in the West. They had already conquered the Greek cities in Anatolia and were now at the borders of Greece itself. Starting in 502 BC, the Ionian … Continue reading The Greco-Persian Wars (499 – 448 BC)

The Rise of Sparta

Sparta is renown today for it's militaristic society and land-based empire, which is often presented in contrast with other Greek city-states such as Athens, who grew rich from maritime trade. The Spartans produced little of value in the realms of the arts and philosophy, their legacy lies in their military might. Whilst other Greek city-states … Continue reading The Rise of Sparta

Ancient Greek Religious Sanctuaries

Ancient Greek religion was polytheistic, meaning that there were many gods and goddesses. There was a hierarchy of deities, with Zeus, the king of the gods, having a level of control over all the others. Each deity generally had dominion over a certain aspect of nature, for instance, Poseidon ruled over the sea and Artemis … Continue reading Ancient Greek Religious Sanctuaries

Ethnic Groups of Archaic Greece (1,000 – 500 BC)

The ancient Greeks divided themselves into four main ethnic groups based on language family: the Achaeans, the Aeolians, the Dorians, and the Ionians. The exact origin of each of these groups is not known, but according to Herodotus, the Dorians were the last to arrive in Greece and came from the north. They first came … Continue reading Ethnic Groups of Archaic Greece (1,000 – 500 BC)

The Bronze Age Collapse (1250-1150 BC)

 By the Late Bronze Age, the Eastern Mediterranean was at the center of the some of the most advanced civilizations of the world. In Egypt, the New Kingdom was at its height, in Anatolia, the Hittites had carved out a vast empire, in the Levant, the Canaanite coastal cities were prospering through trade from Egypt … Continue reading The Bronze Age Collapse (1250-1150 BC)

Alexander the Great speach after his victory at Chaeronea (2 Aug. 338 B.C)

Holy shadows of the dead, I’m not to blame for your cruel and bitter fate, but the accursed rivalry which brought sister nations and brother people, to fight one another. I do not feel happy for this victory of mine. On the contrary, I would be glad, brothers, if I had all of you standing … Continue reading Alexander the Great speach after his victory at Chaeronea (2 Aug. 338 B.C)

The Greeks

Chapter XII, section 14 The title of this section is The Greeks, and not Greece, since from the mythical days of the Argonauts to the present, neither the peninsula of Hellas nor Ionia and the Aegean Islands have been large enough to hold the far-wandering Hellenes. Greek is a language and a civilization, the Greeks … Continue reading The Greeks